Gauthma The One before the Last of Five Buddhas of this Kalpa Or Era established his Sasana or Doctrine for Fellow Beings for 5000 Years to relieve them from Suffering
The Three Places on Earth that One human Should visit and See during a Life Time.
1. The Place Where Prince Siddhartha ( Buddha to Be ) was Born - Lumbini
2. The Place where Prince Siddhartha became the 4th Buddha of the this Era
( Maha Badra Kalpa ) as Gauthama the Buddha. - Buddha Gaya.
3. The Place where Lord Buddha Delivered his First Dhamma Discourse which was
the - Dhamma Chaka Pawathwana Suthra - Isipathana Migadya
3. The Place where the Buddha Passed away to Permanent and Eternal Bliss or
Pari Nirvana.- Kushi Nara - ( Kushi Nagar )
The great Emperor Ashoka (270-230 BC) who hailed from Maurya dynasty was India's foremost patron of Buddhism and the first monarch to rule over united India. In his 20th year of coronation, (249 BCE), he inscribed on a pillar the following words: Hida Bude Jate Sakyamuni (This is the place where the Buddha was born). Lumbini was a flourishing and prosperous village. Emperor Ashoka, constructed four stupas and a stone pillar topped with a figure of a horse.
Lumbini, is the birthplace of Sakyamuni, Siddhartha Gautama. Buddhist scriptures often refer to it as Lumbini Gardens. It was in Kapilavastu, now Southern Nepal. Prince Siddhartha's father, King Suddhodana, was the ruler of the country. Presently, it is known as Tilonakot in Nepal.
The Blessed One, frequently visited His home town Kapilavastu, even after Enlightenment and delivered many sermons. As a result, King Suddhodana attained the Shrotha - Panna (Level of Stream Entry). Prince Siddhartha's son Prince Rahula was accepted into the monastic order as a novice at the city of Kapilavastu.
According Accariya Abbhutadhamma Sutta of Majjhima Nikaya, many miraculous things happened, on the day Queen Mahamaya delivered Prince Siddhartha in the beautiful sal garden. Lumbini where he was born is at the foothills of Himalayas.
When I turned the historical pages of Chinese Pilgrims - Ven. Hinen Tsiang and Fa Hien's, records, they describe “Lumbini, where Prince Siddhartha was born as a place of heaven on earth.”
The Light of Asia - Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born in Lumbini in 624 BC. Today, millions of Buddhists all over the world visit this place to venerate the Buddha.
Buddhagaya, is 105 km from Patane - the ancient city of Pataliputra. The temple of Gaya - has a tower of 55 m or 180 feet. The present tower was restored around 1880. The Buddha attained Supreme Buddhahood under the Asatu Bo tree on the Vesak Full Moon Day in 589 BC.
Buddhist literature is fascinating. Ariyapariyesana Sutta of the Majjima Nikaya, describes the wonderful place where the Buddha attained the Bliss of Deathlessness in the following words:
“I wandered by stage, through the Magadha country, until I reached Senanigam. There I saw a delightful grove with a clear flowing river, glitter as it were molten gold under the sun.”
It was here he made a firm resolution, sat under the Bo-tree “Let my skin, veins, bones remain; let the flesh and the blood of this body dry up; never will I abandon this seat without reaching the state of Sammasambodhi.
It was on the Vesak Full Moon Poya Day, the Awakened One, attained the Imperturbability of Nibbana by realising Dhamma.
Isipathana - Migadya
Thirty-seven factors of Enlightenment based on the Four Noble Truths, the Dependent Origination and three characteristics of existence of all animate and inanimate things.
Then we worship Saranath-Isipatana-Migadaya, where the Buddha delivered His first sermon Dhammachakkapavattana Sutta - “Turning of the wheel of Dhamma” to Panchavaggiya ascetics Vappa, Bhaddhiya, Mahanama, Assaji and Kondanna, who were Buddha's first disciples of the Buddhist Order.
Kushi Nagar or Kushi Nara
The place where Gautama Buddha's, Parinibbana took place was known as Kusinara. Kusinagar, the capital of Malla in North India, was one of the 16 major states in the age of Shakyamuni.Kusinara is about 52 km from Gorakhpur. A horizontally reclinig Buddha statue is there.In Maha Parinibbhana Sutta, the Buddha states, “Ananda let us cross the Hirannavati River, and so to Malla's Sal Grove, in the vicinity of Kusinara. Prepare me a bed between the twin sal trees, my head to the north.I am tired Ananda.” The Buddha lay down in the lion posture, placing one foot on the other, mindful, fully aware in senses.
The Buddha spoke, “Ananda get me some water to drink.”When Ananda went to the river, the water was muddy, as a herd of elephants had just crossed the river. He failed in the first attempt to fetch pure water to His Master.The Blessed One was in severe pain.He was not able to drink a sip of water, in the first call. However, in the second attempt Ven. Ananda collected purified water for The Buddha to drink.
Ven. Ananda began to weep. The Buddha consoled him, saying “Don't grieve Ananda. I am now 80 years old. I am like a worn-out cart.”
According to the Buddhist literature, The Buddha fell ill and passed away to Maha Parinibbana.